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In a 1906 address to the American Psychological Association, Mary Whiton Calkins argued that structuralism and functionalism, the two major schools of thought at the time, were "too often opposed to the point of mutual exclusion." While both structuralism and functionalism fell out of favor as behaviorism, psychoanalysis, and humanism rose to dominance, these early schools of thought left a lasting mark on psychology.

Learn more information about structuralism and functionalism.

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