The brain stem is comprised of the hindbrain and midbrain. The hindbrain contains structures including medulla, the pons and the reticular formation.
The hindbrain is the structure that connects the spinal cord to the brain.
- The medulla is located directly above the spinal cord and controls many vital autonomic functions such as heart rate, breathing and blood pressure.
- The pons connects the medulla to the cerebellum and helps coordinate movement on each side of the body.
- The reticular formation is a neural network located in the medulla that helps control functions such as sleep and attention.
Next: The Midbrain