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Structure of a Neuron

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Dendrites
Dendrites take in information from other cells.

Dendrites serve as the input region of the neuron and receive information from other cells.

Image: Kendra Cherry

Dendrites are treelike extensions at the beginning of a neuron that help increase the surface area of the cell body. These tiny protrusions receive information from other neurons and transmit electrical stimulation to the soma. Dendrites are also covered with synapses.

Dendrite Characteristics

  • Most neurons have many dendrites
  • However, some neurons may have only one dendrite
  • Short and highly branched
  • Transmits information to the cell body

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