1. Education
You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

What Is Crystallized Intelligence?


Bike shop owner repairing a wheel in his shop
Geri Lavrov/ Photographer's Choice RF/ Getty Images

Crystallized intelligence refers to the knowledge and skills that are accumulated over a lifetime. This type of intelligence tends to increase with age.

Crystallized intelligence along with its counterpart, fluid intelligence, are both factors of what psychologist Raymond Cattell described as general intelligence. While crystallized intelligence involves learning, knowledge and skills, fluid intelligence involves our ability to reason and make sense of abstract information.

It is important to note that despite the somewhat confusing name, crystallized intelligence is not a type of "crystallized" information from fluid intelligence. Instead, the two factors of intelligence are separate and distinct from one another.

p>More Psychology Definitions: The Psychology Dictionary

Browse the Psychology Dictionary

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.