Iconic memory involves the memory of visual stimuli. It is how the brain remembers an image you have seen. For example, look at an object in the room you are in now, and then close your eyes and visualize that object. The image you "see" in your mind is your iconic memory of that visual stimuli.
Iconic memory is part of the visual memory system in addition to long-term memory and visual short-term memory. It is a type of sensory memory that lasts very briefly before quickly fading.
More Psychology Definitions: The Psychology Dictionary
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