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Operant Conditioning

Operant conditioning is a method of learning that involves the use of reinforcement and punishment. Learn more about how operant conditioning works and the factors that can influence the learning process.

Introduction to Operant Conditioning
Operant conditioning is one of the fundamental concepts in behavioral psychology. Learn more about the effects of rewards and punishments on behavior.

Schedules of Reinforcement - Operant Conditioning
Schedules of reinforcement have a major impact on how fast a behavior is acquired and the strength of the response. Learn more about different schedules of reinforcement in operant conditioning.

Fixed-Interval Schedule Definition
A fixed-interval schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where the first response is rewarded only after a specified amount of time has elapsed...

Fixed-Ratio Schedule Definition
A fixed-ratio schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is reinforced only after a specified number of responses...

Variable-Interval Schedule Definition
A variable-interval schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is rewarded after an unpredictable amount of time has passed...

Variable-Ratio Schedule Definition
A variable-ratio schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is reinforced after an unpredictable number of responses...

What Is Positive Reinforcement?
Positive reinforcement is often used in operant conditioning to increase the likelihood that behaviors will occur. Find examples and learn more about how positive reinforcement works.

What Is Negative Reinforcement
Negative reinforcement is another technique used in operant conditioning used to increase the likelihood that behaviors will occur. Learn more about what negative reinforcement is, how it works and how it differs from punishment.

What Is Positive Punishment?
Positive punishment is an important part of B. F. Skinners theory of operant conditioning, but it can be a difficult concept for students to remember. Click here to find a definition and examples of positive punishment.

What Is Negative Punishment?
Negative punishment is an important concept in B. F. Skinner's theory of operant conditioning. Learn more about what negative punishment is, how it works and when it is most effective.

What Is Reinforcement?
Reinforcement is an important concept in operant conditioning and an important part of the learning process. The use of reinforcement has many practical applications from dog training to the classroom to psychotherapy.

What Is Punishment?
Punishment is used in operant conditioning to decrease behaviors. Discover the types of punishment, how effective it is and how it differs from negative reinforcement.

What Is Instrumental Conditioning?
Instrumental conditioning is another term used to described the learning process first described by B.F. Skinner.

What Is Secondary Reinforcement?
Secondary reinforcement involves creating an association between a stimulus and a primary reinforcer...

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