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Agoraphobia

Symptoms and Treatments

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Symptoms of Agoraphobia

Individuals with agoraphobia:
  • Often experience depressed mood and exhibit anxious or fearful behaviors.

  • Experience anxiety about places or situations where escape may be difficult and may suffer panic-attacks.

  • Common problem situations include being outside of the home, traveling in a car, being on a bridge, or being in crowds.

  • Before diagnosis clinicians need to rule out other disorders such as specific phobias, social phobias, and post traumatic stress disorder.

Treatments for Agoraphobia

  • Psychiatric drugs such as SSRI’s and benzodiazepines can be effect when treating agoraphobics who also experience panic attacks. Treatments tend to be more effective when combined with behavioral therapy.

  • Systematic desensitization can also be effective. This approach involves gradual exposure to real-life feared situations.

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