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Sigmund Freud Timeline

Important Dates in the Life and Career of Sigmund Freud


Dr Freud And Dog
Hulton Archive - Stringer/Archive Photos/Getty Images

1856 - (May 6) Sigismund Freud was born in Freiberg, Moravia to parents Jacob and Amalia. At the age of 41, Jakob already had two children from a previous marriage, but Sigismund was the 21-year-old Amalia's first born.

1860 - After the failure of his father's business due to economic woes, the Freud family moved to Vienna, Austria and settled in the Jewish neighborhood of Leopoldstadt.

1865 - Freud began attending the Gymnasium.

1873 - Freud graduated summa cum laude from secondary school and began studying medicine at the University of Vienna.

1878 - Changed his first name from Sigismund to Sigmund.

1881 - Freud received his doctorate degree in medicine.

1884 - Published a monograph on cocaine.

1885 - Worked with Charcot at the Salpetriere Hospital on hysteria and hypnosis.

1886 - Began his own private practice and married Martha Bernays.

1887 - Freud's daughter Mathilda (1887-1978) was born and he first met Wilhelm Fliess.

1889 - His son Jean Martin (1889-1967) was born. The boy was named in honor of Freud's early mentor, Jean-Martin Charcot.

1891 - Son Oliver (1891-1969) was born.

1892 - Josef Breuer describes the case of Anna O. with Freud. His son Ernst (1892-1970) was also born.

1893 - Began formulating his seduction theory. Daughter Sophie (1893-1920) was born.

1895 - Published Studies on Hysteria with Breuer. Daughter Anna Freud (1895-1982) was born.

1896 - First used the term psychoanalysis in "Zur Ätiologie der Hysterie." His father, Jakob, died the same year.

1900- Published The Interpretation of Dreams.

1901 - Published The Psychopathology of Everyday Life.

1905 - Published Three Essays on Sexuality.

1906 - Began correspondence with Carl Jung.

1907 - Freud and Jung met face-to-face.

1908 - The first International Psychoanalytical Congress was held in Salzburg.

1909 - Freud made his first and only visit to the United States along with Carl Jung and Sandor Ferenczi. He had been invited by G. Stanley Hall to present a series of guest lectures at Clark University.

1913 - Jung broke from Freud and psychoanalysis. Totem and Taboo was published.

1920 - Published Beyond the Pleasure Principle, which introduced his concept of the death instinct.

1922 - His grandson, the noted artist Lucian Freud, was born.

1923 - Published The Ego and the Id and was diagnosed with jaw cancer.

1929 - Civilization and its Discontents was published.

1930 - Freud's mother died.

1933 - Corresponded with Albert Einstein.

1938 - Anna Freud was arrested and interrogated by the Gestapo. Freud moved to London with his wife and youngest daughter Anna.

1939 - Freud died on September 23 of cancer in London.

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