In psychology, the term self-esteem is used to describe a person's overall sense of self-worth or personal value. Self-esteem is often seen as a personality trait, which means that it tends to be stable and enduring. Self-esteem can involve a variety of beliefs about the self, such as the appraisal of one's own appearance, beliefs, emotions and behaviors.
Components of Self-Esteem
According to one definition (Braden, 1969), there are three key components of self-esteem:
- Self-esteem is an essential human need that is vital for survival and normal, healthy development.
- Self-esteem arises automatically from within based upon a person's beliefs and consciousness.
- Self-esteem occurs in conjunction with a person's thoughts, behaviors, feelings and actions.
The need for self-esteem plays an important role in psychologist Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs, depicting self-esteem as one of the basic human motivations. Maslow suggested that people need both esteem from other people as well as inner self-respect. Both of these needs must be fulfilled in order for an individual to grow as a person and achieve self-actualization.
It is important to note that self-esteem is a concept distinct from self-efficacy, which involves the belief in future actions, performance or abilities.
More Psychology Definitions: The Psychology Dictionary
Browse the Psychology DictionaryA | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Branden, N. (1969). The psychology of self-esteem. New York: Bantam.
Maslow A. H. (1987). Motivation and Personality (3rd ed.). New York: Harper & Row.