The theory of correspondent inferences is a social psychology theory describes how we explain other people's behavior. According to this idea, we infer that other people's actions correspond to their underlying personality and disposition. For example, when we see a woman helping and elderly lady at the grocery store, we might assume that it is because she is a kind person.
This tendency is often used when people make choices that we see as unexpected. In order to explain the behavior, we presume that it is due to internal factors.
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