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Psychology: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
What's Your EQ? - Emotional Intelligence Test
What is your emotional intelligence quotient (EQ)? Take this quick quiz to discover how emotionally intelligent you really are.
Quiz - What's Your Leadership Style?
The classic model of leadership focuses on three major styles used by leaders. Take this quiz to learn more about your leadership style.
Left-Brain vs. Right-Brain: The Surprising Truth
Are people really left-brained or right-brained? Learn more about the truth about left-brain, right-brain dominance.
Psychology Career Quiz - Choosing a Psychology...
Which psychology career is right for you? Take this 10-question quiz to learn which psychology careers are best matched to your interests.
Multiple Intelligence Test
Multiple Intelligences Quiz What Type of Intelligence Do You Have? Psychologist Howard Gardner's theory
What's Your Romantic Attachment Style? -...
Research has shown that our attachments style can have an impact on our romantic relationships. What is your romantic attachment style? Take this quiz to learn more about your attachment style.
The 4 Stages of Cognitive Development in Children
Psychologist Jean Piaget suggested that children go through four key stages of cognitive development. Learn more about his influential theory.
Erikson's Psychosocial Stages Summary Chart
Erik Erikson described development that occurs throughout the lifespan. Learn more in this chart summarizing Erikson's stages of psychosocial development.
What Can You Do With a Degree in Psychology?
There are a number of career options available to students with a bachelor's degree in psychology. Discover how to apply your skills and explore your job options.
11 Ways to Improve Your Memory and Remember More
Do you ever wish you could improve your memory? Check out these research-proven strategies that can boost your memory and help you remember more.
Understanding Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial...
Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development describes 8 stages, each of which plays a role in the development of personality and psychological skills.
Learn the Basic Structures of Brain Anatomy
Each of the brain's four lobes is associated with different functions. Learn more about the structure and function of each lobe of the brain.
How Emotionally Intelligent Are You?
What exactly is emotional intelligence (EQ)? Discover why EQ might matter more than IQ when it comes to your health, happiness, and life success.
Is Your IQ Score Above Average?
Ever wonder what the average IQ is? Learn more about the average IQ on most modern tests of intelligence.
How Classical Conditioning Works: An Overview...
Classical conditioning was discovered quite by accident, but has become important in understanding human and animal behavior. Learn how it works and explore a few examples.
What Are Freud's Stages of Psychosexual...
Freud's psychosexual theory is both famous and controversial. Learn about each of the five stages and the role that conflict plays in each stage.
Extrinsic vs. Intrinsic Motivation: What's the...
Extrinsic and intrinsic motivation can both impact behavior, but in different ways. Learn more about the differences between extrinsic and intrinsic motivation.
Can Color Really Change How You Feel and Act?
Color is all around us, but what impact does it really have on our moods, emotions, and behaviors? Color psychology seeks to answer this question.
The Spinning Dancer Illusion
The spinning dancer illusion is an interesting illusion in which an ambiguous silhouette can appear to abruptly change direction. See the spinning dancer illusion in action and learn more about how this illusion works. Page 2.
What's Different Between the Classical and...
Can you tell the different between classical and operant conditioning. Learn how they differ in several important ways and explore a few examples.
The 4 Styles of Parenting
Research suggests that parenting styles have an important influence on development. Learn how they impact self-esteem, academic success, and happiness.
9 Common Dreams and What They Supposedly Mean
Do your dreams really hold a hidden meaning? Here are nine common dreams and what the dream analysts believe they really mean.
What Did Freud Really Believe about Personality...
Freud's psychoanalytic theory outlines three elements of personality - the id, the ego and the superego - that work together to form personality.
Reference Pages in APA Format
APA format reference lists should begin on a new page and all sources should be presented in alphabetical order. Learn more in this example of a reference page in APA format. Page 2.
Top 10 Psychology Career Trends: Jobs On the Rise
Which psychology jobs offer the best outlook for future job growth? Here are a few of the fastest growing specialty areas that are in high demand.
What's the Difference Between a Psychologist...
What's the difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist? Here is a quick guide to the differences in education, training, and practice.
The Five Levels of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Abraham Maslow suggested that people are motivated to achieve self-actualization, but only after other needs on the hierarchy are fulfilled first.
Learn the Basics of Psychology
Psychology is a diverse topic devoted to the study of the mind and behavior. Learn more about how psychology began and the role it plays today.
What Can You Do With a Bachelor's Degree in...
So you've got a bachelor's degree in psychology, now what? Learn more about some of the different types of entry-level careers that are available to psychology majors.
Do You Have a Genius IQ Score?
What exactly is considered a genius IQ score? Learn more about how IQ test scores are assessed and how many people identify genius IQ scores.
Extravert or Introvert Quiz
Are you an introvert or an extravert? Take this quick quiz to learn more about your personality.
What Are The Big 5 Personality Dimensions?
How many personality traits are there? Many contemporary experts suggest that there are just five broad traits that make up your overall personality.
Why Do We Dream? The Most Popular Theories
Have you ever wondered why you dream? While we don't yet fully understand why we dream, some of the top experts have weighed in with a few theories.
"Big Five" Personality Quiz
big five personality quiz personality profile: personality psychologists personality quiz dimensions of personality personality theories theories of personality
The Age Old Debate of Nature Versus Nurture
The nature versus nurture debate is one of the oldest issues in psychology. It tackles the question of which is more important: inherited traits or learned behaviors?
Operant Conditioning: What You Need to Know
Operant conditioning is one of the fundamental concepts in behavioral psychology. Learn more about the effects of rewards and punishments on behavior.
What Is Intrinsic Motivation?
Why do you do the things you do? If you are doing them for some internal reason, then psychologists would describe you as intrinsically motivated.
What Is Behaviorism and How Does It Work?
Behaviorism was once a dominant force and thinkers like Watson and Skinner left a mark on psychology. What exactly is behaviorism and how does it work?
What Is Motivation?
Motivation is the force that guides our behaviors, but why exactly are we motivated to do the things we do? Discover what psychologists have learned.
What's Your EQ? - Emotional Intelligence Test -...
What is your emotional intelligence quotient? Take this quiz to learn more about your emotional intelligence.
Learn About the Sensorimotor Stage of Cognitive...
The sensorimotor stage is the first stage in Piaget's theory of cognitive development. Learn more about the characteristics and major milestones of this period.
How Do Children Develop Morality? Kohlberg's...
How do children develop morality? Kohlberg's theory of moral development explains how children form moral reasoning through a series of six key stages.
Zöllner illusion
In the Zollner illusion, the lines appear to move even though they are static. Learn more about the Zollner Illusion. Page 3.
Explore This List of Psychological Disorders
This list of psychological disorders describes different categories of mental disorders and offers examples of each type of psychological disorder.
Learning and Conditioning Quiz
Learning and Conditioning Quiz Test Your Knowledge of Learning and Conditioning Sorry, but this quiz
9 of the Highest Paying Psychology Careers:...
Psychology is a diverse and rewarding field, but it can also pay big bucks if you choose the right field. Discover some of the highest paying psychology jobs.
7 Things You Should Know About Attachment Styles
Avoidant attachment styles are those in which a child shows no preference between a parent and a stranger. Learn more about avoidant attachment in childhood and adulthood. Page 6.
What Is Autocratic Leadership?
Autocratic leadership, also known as authoritarian leadership, is a leadership style characterized by individual control over all decisions and little input from group members. Learn more about the characteristics, benefits and downsides of autocratic leadership.
Know What Negative Reinforcement Is
Negative reinforcement is used to strengthen behaviors. Learn about what negative reinforcement is, how it works, and how it differs from punishment.
How Does Observational Learning Work?
Bandura's social learning theory suggests that people can learn though observation, including direct instruction, modeling, and imitation.
What Are the Nine Types of Nonverbal Communicat...
Discover the eight different types of nonverbal communication and behavior including gestures, facial expressions, and postures.
What Is the Trait Theory of Personality
Trait theory suggests that personality is made up of a number of broad traits. Learn more about this theory and some of the key traits.
5 Key Theories of Motivation
Motivation is the force that guides and maintains goal-oriented behaviors. Learn more about some of the major theories of motivation.
How Many Years of College Does It Take to...
How many years do you need to go to school to become a psychologist? Learn about different degree options and requirements for various careers in psychology.
Tables in APA Format
Tables are a great way to present a lot of information in a clear, conside, and readable format. This example and tips can help you create APA format tables for your psychology papers. Page 3.
Reinforcement Schedules and How They Work
Schedules of reinforcement have a major impact on how fast a behavior is acquired and the strength of the response. Learn more about different schedules of reinforcement in operant conditioning.
Writing a Psychology Paper? Over 50 Topic Ideas...
Are you struggling to find a great topic for your psychology paper? Check out our collection of ideas to spark your creativity and inspire a topic for your paper.
Common Defense Mechanisms People Use to Cope...
Projection is a defense mechanism that is characterized by projecting unwanted feelings onto other people.
Cognitive Dissonance: Why Do Conflicting...
Do you ever feel uncomfortable when your beliefs don't match up with reality? Psychologists refer to this phenomenon as cognitive dissonance.
Defense Mechanisms Quiz
Test your knowledge in this defense mechanisms quiz.
How to Read Body Language
The facial expressions used to convey fear, anger, sadness, and happiness are similar throughout the world. Page 2 of 9 pages on body language.
Forensic Psychologist: A Career Profile
Forensic psychologists apply psychological principles to criminal investigation and the law. Learn about training, typical salaries, and job duties.
What Is the Preoperational Stage of Cognitive...
The preoperational stage of cognitive development occurs between the ages of two and six. Learn more about the characteristics and major milestones of this stage.
Afraid of What? Check This List of Strange and...
Phobias are the most common mental disorder in the U.S. Do you have a phobia? Check out this handy list of some of the most common (and some of the strangest) phobias.
What's Your Style of Leadership?
What's your leadership style? Learn more about some of the most common leadership styles and frameworks.
Explore the Stages of Prenatal Development
The stages of prenatal development represent an enormous amount of change from conception to birth. Find more information about the stages of prenatal development.
What You Should Know About Positive Reinforcement
Positive reinforcement is often used in operant conditioning to increase the likelihood that behaviors will occur. Find examples and learn more about how positive reinforcement works.
Psychology Research Methods Quiz
Test your knowledge of basic psychology research methods in this quiz.
What Do Your Dreams Really Mean?
Do dreams really reveal your hidden fears and desires, or are they just reflections of daily life? Here's what some of the top experts have to say.
APA Format Examples, Tips, and Guidelines
APA format is the official style of the American Psychological Association and is generally used for writing in psychology, eduction, and other social sciences. Learn more about how to create APA format papers with these tips, guidelines, and examples.
Psychology 101 Quiz - Introduction to...
Test your knowledge of introductory psychology topics in this Psychology 101 quiz.
Quiz - Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial...
Test your knowledge of Erikson's stages of psychosocial development with this quiz.
What You Should Know About Schemas
In psychology, a schema is a cognitive framework that helps organize and interpret information in the world around us.
What Is Cognitive Behavior Therapy and How Does...
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a type of short-term treatment that can be highly effective for many disorders. Learn more about how CBT works.
The Four Stages of Sleep: What Happens In Your...
During sleep, you go through a series of stages in which different brain wave patterns are displayed. What's going on in your brain while you slumber?
8 of the Best-Known Theories of Child Development
What factors influence children's mental, emotional, and social development? Learn about some of the best-known theories of child development.
5 Steps That Every Experiment Should Follow
Learn more about why it is important to operationally define your variables when conducting a psychology experiment. Page 3.
10 Facts You Should Know About Dreams
Dreams can be fascinating, exciting, terrifying or just plain weird. Learn more about some of the things that researchers have discovered in these ten facts about dreams.
Title Page Example
Your title page is the first page of your paper. Check out this example to ensure that your title page is in proper APA format.
What Is a Hypothesis? Definition, Checklist,...
A hypothesis is a tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables. Learn more about the elements of a good hypothesis.
Self Efficacy: Why Believing In Yourself Is So...
Self-efficacy plays a critical role in how we think, feel, and behave. What is it and why is it so important? What impact does it have on our lives?
What Do Clinical Psychologists Do?
Clinical psychologists assess, diagnose, and treat mental disorders. Learn more about what clinical psychologists do, where they work, and how much they earn.
4 Examples of Positive Punishment
Positive punishment is an important part of B. F. Skinners theory of operant conditioning, but it can be a difficult concept for students to remember. Click here to find a definition and examples of positive punishment.
What Does it Mean to Be Introverted?
Introversion is one of the major personality traits identified by many different personality theories. Learn more about about the characteristics of introversion.
What Is a Dependent Variable? See Examples
How can you tell which is the dependent variable in an experiment? Learn what a dependent variable is, how they work, and how identify them.
What Are Freud's 3 Levels of Mind?
Do thoughts and desires outside of awareness influence our behavior? Learn about Freud's three levels of awareness: the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious mind.
The 10 Most Common Phobias
Afraid of spiders, snakes, or heights? You're not alone. Phobias affect about 10-percent of adults. Learn more about 10 of the most common phobias.
5 Signs You Might Be an Introvert
Like spending time alone? Fel exhausted by large crowds? You just might be an introvert. Discover the common characteristics of this personality type.
How Do Early Attachments Shape Behavior?
Attachment theory is centered on the emotional bonds between people and suggests that our earliest attachments can leave a lasting mark on our lives.
APA Format: 12 Basic Rules You Must Follow
APA format is the standard style for psychology papers. Learn more about documenting your sources, preparing a reference section, and proper in-text citations.
What Is Assimilation and How Does It Work?
Assimilation refers part of Jean Piaget's adaptation process in which people take in new information and incorporate it into our existing ideas.
How Do Transformational Leaders Inspire?
Transformational leadership is a leadership style that leads to positive changes in those who follow. These leaders are described as passionate and enthusiastic.
An Overview of Early Childhood Development
Early childhood is not only a period of amazing physical growth, it is also a time of remarkable mental development. Learn more about cognitive development in early childhood
What Was the Little Albert Experiment?
The Little Albert experiment was a famous psychology experiment conducted by behaviorist John B. Watson and graduate student Rosalie Raynor. Learn more about the Little Albert experiment and discover what happened to the boy in the study.
10 Proven Ways to Become a Better Leader
Becoming a better leader can help you in many different areas of life, from school to the workplace. Check out these ten tips that can help you improve your leadership skills.
Have a Master's Degree in Psychology? Here are...
Got a master's in psychology or thinking of getting one? Not sure what to do with your degree? Here are just a few of the job options you might consider.
What Are the Different Parts of a Neuron?
Dendrites play an important role in the overall function of a neuron. Learn more about the different parts of the dendrite and the function that each part serves. Page 2.
Which Type of Intelligence Do You Have?
The theory of multiple intelligence suggests that there are actually 8 different types of intelligence. Learn more about the theory and the types.
What are the Major Theories of Intelligence?
While there are numerous theories of intelligence, psychologists do not agree on a standard definition for the concept of 'intelligence.' Here are some of the major theories.
How Do Psychologists Define Self-Esteem?
Self-esteem describes a person's overall sense of self-worth or personal value. Discover why this is so important and the role it plays in motivation.
How Does Laissez-Faire Leadership Work?
Laissez-faire leadership is a hands-off approach that allows followers to set rules and make decisions. Discover the pros and cons of this leadership style.
What Does a Criminal Psychologist Do?
TV dramas often depict criminal psychologists, but is the job as exciting as it looks onscreen. Discover what criminal psychologists really do.
Cognitive Psychology: The Science of How We Think
Cognitive psychology is the study of how we think, remember, decide, and perceive. Learn more about how we acquire, process, and store information.
Is Democratic Leadership the Best Style of...
Democratic leadership, also known as participative leadership, is a type of leadership style in which members of the group take a more participative role in the decision-making process. Learn more about the characteristics, benefits and downsides of democratic leadership.
What Is Extrinsic Motivation?
Extrinsic motivation can have a powerful influence on behavior, but sometimes it can actually hinder intrinsic motivation. Learn more about how extrinsic motivation.
What Is Top-Down Processing?
Top-down processing involves moving from the general to the specific. Learn more about how top-down processing works and how it influences perception.
Journal and Periodicals in APA Format
Journal articles should be listed in your APA format reference list in alphabetical order. Learn how to create references for articles appearing in journals or periodicals in proper APA format. Page 4.
What Happens During Stage 4 of Psychosocial...
Industry versus inferiority is the fourth stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Learn more about the events that occurs during the industry versus inferiority stage of development.
Ages 7 to 11: How a Child's Cognitive Thinking...
The concrete operational stage of cognitive development occurs between the ages of approximately seven to eleven. Learn more about the characteristics and milestones of this stage.
What Is Personality and Why Does It Matter?
Personality arises from within and makes us who we are. Learn more about how psychologists define personality, how they study it, and why it is so important.
21 Types of Psychologists and What They Do
There are many different types of psychologists who perform a wide range of jobs. Learn more about the different types of psychologists and what they do.
IQ or EQ: Which One Is More Important?
While intelligence is an important part of life success, other factors also play a vital role - including emotional intelligence. Could EQ be even more important that IQ?
Why Do Some People Become Great Leaders?
Why do certain people become great leaders? Leadership theories seek to answer this question and usually fit into one of eight basic types. Learn more...
What Is An Unconditioned Stimulus?
The unconditioned stimulus triggers a response automatically. Learn more about how it works and its role in the conditioning process.
Structuralism & Functionalism: Their...
The two earliest schools of thought in psychology were structuralism and functionalism. Learn more about these two theoretical approaches to psychology.
Neurons: What They Are, How They Work, and What...
Neurons are the basic building blocks of the nervous system. What makes them so different from other cells in the body? What function do they serve?
5 Psychology Degrees and What You Should Know...
There are many different types of psychology degrees at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. Learn more about these psychology degrees, how long each one takes to earn and the types of jobs available with each degree.
7 Great Ideas for Psychology Experiments
Are you looking for an idea for a psychology experiment? Finding the right experiment idea can be difficult, but here are a few options to help you complete your project.
What Is Self-Concept?
Self-concept refers to the image with have of ourselves. Learn more about how self-concept develops and how it impacts various areas of our lives.
The Life, Work, and Theories of Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud's work had a lasting influence on psychology. Take a journey through his amazing life, his most astonishing theories, and his remarkable legacy.
What Effect Does Authoritarian Parenting Have...
Authoritative parenting is a parenting style characterized by strict rules, harsh punishments and little warmth. Learn more about the authoritarian parenting style and the effect it has on children.
Why Was the Milgram Experiment So Controversial?
Milgram's obedience experiment has become one of the most famous studies in psychology's history. Learn more about this classic study on obedience.
How Environmental Stimuli Affect Our Thinking
What exactly is perception? Learn more about perception and how we perceive objects in our environment through the perceptual process.
The Oedipal Complex: One of Freud's Most...
A term used by Freud in his theory of psychosexual stages of development to describe a boy's feelings of desire for his mother and jealously and anger towards his father...
What are the 3 Major Theories of Emotion?
What exactly are emotions? What causes these feelings? Learn more about some of the major theories of emotion that have been proposed by researchers, philosophers and psychologists.
What Is Negative Punishment...and Does it Work?
Negative punishment is an important concept in B. F. Skinner's theory of operant conditioning. Learn more about what negative punishment is, how it works and when it is most effective.
The Pros and Cons of Naturalistic Observation
Naturalistic observation is a research method often used in psychology and other social sciences. Learn how it works and explore examples.
5 Ways Psychologists Explain Love
Why do we fall in of love? Psychologists have proposed a number of theories to explain and describe love. Learn about some of the major theories of love.
Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory: What You...
Sociocultural theory is a theory of development that stress the important of socialization on cognitive development. Learn more about sociocultural theory.
Find Out the 2 Types of Reinforcement
Reinforcement is an important concept in operant conditioning and an important part of the learning process. The use of reinforcement has many practical applications from dog training to the classroom to psychotherapy.
What Is Conditioned Stimulus?
The conditioned stimulus is a previously neutral stimulus that eventually comes to evoke a conditioned response.
The Shocking Story of Genie, a Child Raised in...
Deprived of almost all human contact until the age of 13, Genie posed an interesting question: Could a child learn language after the critical period was over?
What's Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs?
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is one of the best-known theories of motivation. Learn more in this definition of the hierarchy of needs.
Learn the Gestalt Laws of Perceptual Organization
The Gestalt laws of perceptual organization describe how we see and experience different perceptual phenomena in the world around us. Find descriptions and visual examples of these perceptual phenomena.
What's the First Stage of Psychosocial...
Trust versus mistrust is the first stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Learn more about the events that occur during the trust versus mistrust stage.
10 Cool Psychology Jobs
Looking for a fun and interesting psychology career? Check out some of the coolest psychology jobs ranging from traffic psychology to art therapy.
Locus of Control: Do You Believe You're In...
Do things happen because of your actions, or are you at the mercy of chance? How you answer this question can indicate your locus of control...
What's the Difference Between Implicit and...
Implicit and explicit memory are two different types of memory that represent different ways to remembering information. Learn more about the differences between these types of memory.
What Is A Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of...
Are you trying to decide between a bachelor of arts (BA) or bachelor of science (BS) in psychology? Here are some key factors you need to consider.
Find Out About Stage 3 of Psychosocial...
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10 Unforgettable Facts About Your Memory
Forgetting simple things like where you left the keys or a friend's phone number can be major annoyances. Learn more about some of the most common reasons why we forget.
What Do Industrial-Organizational Psychologists...
Industrial-organizational psychologists investigate workplace issues such as employee selection, organizational development, performance, and productivity.
What Causes Learned Helplessness?
Learned helplessness happens when people or animals become conditioned to believed that a situation is unchangeable or inescapable.
How Erik Erikson's Own Identity Crisis Shaped...
Erik Erikson's own struggle with identity led to his later explorations of identity crisis and psychosocial development. Learn more about his life.
What is the Formal Operational Stage of...
The formal operational stage of cognitive development occurs from approximately age 12 to adulthood. Learn more about the characteristics of the formal operational stage.
The 7th Stage of Psychosocial Development:...
Generativity versus stagnation is the seventh stage of Erikson's psychosocial theory. Learn more about the events that occur during the generativity versus stagnation stage of development.
How to Become a Psychologist: Earn Your...
If you want to become a psychologist, it is important to start planning early. Learn more about the classes you should take in high school if you want to one day become a psychologist.
Humanistic Psychology: The Third Force in...
Humanistic psychology formed as a reaction to psychoanalysis and behaviorism and stressed the importance of personal choice and responsibility.
How Can I Become a Therapist?
Have you ever dreamed of becoming a therapist? Learn more about the steps you should take in order to achieve your goal.
What Are Jung's 4 Major Archetypes?
Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung believed that archetypes are models of people, behaviors or personalities.

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