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Psychology: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
What's Your EQ? - Emotional Intelligence Test
What is your emotional intelligence quotient? Take this quiz to learn more about your emotional intelligence.
Quiz - What's Your Leadership Style?
The classic model of leadership focuses on three major styles used by leaders. Take this quiz to learn more about your leadership style.
Psychology Career Quiz - Choosing a Psychology...
Which psychology career is right for you? Take this 10-question quiz to learn which psychology careers are best matched to your interests.
Are You A Left-Brain or Right-Brain Thinker?...
Are people really left-brained or right-brained? Learn more about the truth about left-brain, right-brain dominance.
Erikson's Psychosocial Stages Summary Chart
Erik Erikson described development that occurs throughout the lifespan. Learn more in this chart summarizing Erikson's stages of psychosocial development.
What's Your Romantic Attachment Style? -...
Research has shown that our attachments style can have an impact on our romantic relationships. What is your romantic attachment style? Take this quiz to learn more about your attachment style.
Extravert or Introvert Quiz
Are you an introvert or an extravert? Take this quick quiz to learn more about your personality.
Multiple Intelligence Test
Multiple Intelligences Quiz What Type of Intelligence Do You Have? Psychologist Howard Gardner's theory
Understanding Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial...
Learn more about the stages of Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development. Each stage plays a major role in the development of personality and psychological skills.
What Can You Do With a Degree in Psychology?
There are a number of career options available to students with a bachelor's degree in psychology. Learn how the skills you acquired during your experience as an undergraduate student will help you in your job search.
"Big Five" Personality Quiz
big five personality quiz personality profile: personality psychologists personality quiz dimensions of personality personality theories theories of personality
How to Interpret Your Dreams and Unlock Your...
Dreams can be forgettable or even downright odd, but what exactly do they mean? Discover what psychologists think about the meaning of dreams.
What's the Difference Between a Psychologist...
What is the difference between a psychologist and psychiatrists? Discover how these professional differ in terms of education, training, and practice.
Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development
Freud's psychosexual development theory is both famous and controversial. Learn about each of the five stages and the role that conflict plays in each stage.
How Emotionally Intelligent Are You?
What exactly is emotional intelligence? Discover what EQ is and the impact it might have on your life.
The 4 Stages of Cognitive Development in Young...
Important concepts in Piaget's stages of cognitive development include assimilation, accommodation, and equilibration. Learn more about these concepts as well as the background of Piaget's theory.
Is Your IQ Score Above Average?
Ever wonder what the average IQ is? Learn more about the average IQ on most modern tests of intelligence.
Understand Bandura's Social Learning Theory
Psychologist Albert Bandura proposed social learning theory, which emphasizes the importance of observational learning. Learn more about what social learning theory is, basic concepts of this learning theory, and how observational learning occurs.
What Did Freud Really Believe about Personality...
According to Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality, there are three elements of personality--the id, the ego and the superego. Learn more about how these elements work together to influence behavior.
What Is Self-Actualization?
The hierarchy of needs emphasizes the importance of self-actualization and is often pictured as a pyramid. Learn more about the five levels in Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
Do You Have a Genius IQ Score?
What exactly is considered a genius IQ score? Learn more about how IQ test scores are assessed and how many people identify genius IQ scores.
A List of Psychological Disorders
This list of psychological disorders describes different categories of mental disorders and offers examples of each type of psychological disorder. Learn more about the different types of mental disorders in this list of psychological disorders.
How Are Scores on IQ Tests Calculated, Anyway?
While people often talk about test scores, many people are confused about exactly what these test scores mean. Learn more about how IQ tests are scored and how these results are interpreted.
The 4 Styles of Parenting
Research suggests that different parenting styles have an important impact on child development. Learn more about a parent's approach can impact a child's self-esteem, academic success, and happiness.
Reference Pages in APA Format
APA format reference lists should begin on a new page and all sources should be presented in alphabetical order. Learn more in this example of a reference page in APA format. Page 2.
How Classical Conditioning Works
Classical conditioning was discovered quite by accident, but has become important in understanding human and animal behavior. Learn how it works and explore a few examples.
The 5 Most Important Theories of Motivation
Motivation is the force that initiates, guides and maintains goal-oriented behaviors. The forces that lie beneath motivation can be biological, social, emotional or cognitive in nature. Learn more about some of the major theories of motivation.
All about Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development
How do children develop a sense of morality? Kohlberg's theory of moral development was formed to explain the development of moral reasoning. Take a closer look at the six stages of this theory.
The10 Hottest Psychology Career Trends
Which psychology careers offer the best outlook for future job growth? These are just a few of the top psychology career trends in some of the fastest growing specialty areas.
What Are The Big 5 Personality Dimensions?
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Psychology 101 Quiz - Introduction to...
Test your knowledge of introductory psychology topics in this Psychology 101 quiz.
How Do Early Attachments Shape Behavior?
Attachment theory is centered on the emotional bonds between people and suggests that our earliest attachments can leave a lasting mark on our lives.
Why Do We Dream? The Most Popular Theories
Have you ever wondered why you dream? This question has fascinated people since the beginning of recorded history, but today we still don't fully understand the purpose of dreams. Learn more about some of the most prominent theories of dreams.
Extrinsic vs. Intrinsic Motivation: What's the...
Extrinsic and intrinsic motivation can both impact behavior, but in different ways. Learn more about the differences between extrinsic and intrinsic motivation.
What Is Cognitive Behavior Therapy?
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients to understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors. CBT is commonly used to treat a wide range of disorders, including phobias, addition, depression and anxiety disorders.
Highest Paying Psychology Careers
Careers in psychology can vary considerably in pay. Explore some of the highest paying psychology careers and learn more about average salaries and educational requirements for these jobs.
What's Your EQ? - Emotional Intelligence Test -...
What is your emotional intelligence quotient? Take this quiz to learn more about your emotional intelligence.
The 10 Best Memory Improvement Tips
Cognitive psychologists have discovered a number of techniques to help improve memory. Learn more about some of these strategies and how you can apply these memory tips to your own studies.
You Should Think About Becoming a Psychiatrist
A psychiatrist is a medical doctor that specializes in the treatment of mental disorders. Psychiatrists are sometimes confused with psychologists, and while there are many similarities between the two professions, there are also many important differences.
All about Operant Conditioning
Operant conditioning is one of the fundamental concepts in behavioral psychology. Learn more about the effects of rewards and punishments on behavior.
How Many Years of College Does It Take to...
How many years do you need to go to school to become a psychologist? Learn about different degree options and requirements for various careers in psychology.
What's the Difference Between the Classical and...
Understand how classical and operant conditioning differ in several important ways.
Interesting Facts About Personality Traits
Trait theory suggests that our personalities are made up of a number of broad traits. Learn more about this theory and some of the key traits emphasized by psychologists.
Can Color Really Change How You Feel and Act?
Color psychology is concerned with the effects of color on mood, emotion, behavior. Discover the powerful effects color can have on moods, emotions and behaviors.
The Life, Work, and Theories of Sigmund Freud
Often described as the most famous figure in psychology, Sigmund Freud is also one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century. Take a journey through his life, work, and theories in this profile of Freud.
Learn the Three Major Styles of Leadership
During the 1930s, a classic study identified three major leadership styles. Learn more about these different styles and the influence they had on leadership research.
Title Page Example
Your title page is the first page of your paper. Check out this example to ensure that your title page is in proper APA format.
What You Should Know About Cognitive Dissonance
Have you ever felt uncomfortable when you discover that your beliefs don't match up with reality? Psychologists refer to this phenomenon as cognitive dissonance. Learn more about how it works.
What Are the Types of Nonverbal Communication?
Discover the eight different types of nonverbal communication and behavior including gestures, facial expressions and posture.
What Is Behaviorism?
Behaviorism was once a dominant force and thinkers like Watson and Skinner left a major mark on psychology. What exactly is behaviorism and how does it work?
What Is Motivation?
In psychology, motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides and maintains goal-oriented behaviors...
Learn the General Guidelines to APA Format
APA format is the standard style for psychology papers. Learn more about documenting your sources, preparing a reference section and proper in-text citations.
Brain Anatomy: What's the Thalamus?
The brain can be divided into four lobes, each of which is associated with different functions. Learn more about the structure and function of the four lobes of the brain. Page 2.
The Age Old Debate of Nature Versus Nurture
The nature versus nurture debate is one of the oldest issues in psychology. It tackles the question of which is more important: inherited traits or learned behaviors?
See if a Forensic Psychology Career Is Right...
Forensic psychology involves applying psychology to the field of criminal investigation and the law. Learn more about training, typical salaries, benefits, and downsides in this profile of careers in forensic psychology.
Why Does Self Efficacy Matter?
Psychologist Albert Bandura suggested that self-efficacy plays a critical role in how we think, feel, and behave. Learn more about what self-efficacy is and why it is so important.
What Is the Preoperational Stage of Cognitive...
The preoperational stage of cognitive development occurs between the ages of two and six. Learn more about the characteristics and major milestones of this stage.
Attachment Styles
Attachment is as an emotional bond that impacts behavior throughout life. Learn more about the styles of attachment and the role they play in behavior and relationships.
Tables in APA Format
Tables are a great way to present a lot of information in a clear, conside, and readable format. This example and tips can help you create APA format tables for your psychology papers. Page 3.
Learn About the Sensorimotor Stage of Cognitive...
The sensorimotor stage is the first stage in Piaget's theory of cognitive development. Learn more about the characteristics and major milestones of this period.
What Does Freud's Oedipal Complex Mean?
A term used by Freud in his theory of psychosexual stages of development to describe a boy's feelings of desire for his mother and jealously and anger towards his father...
Write a Psychology Case Study with These Tips
Do you need to write a case study, an in-depth analysis of one individual or group? Learn how to write a case study and check out some tips and examples.
Psychology Research Methods Quiz
Test your knowledge of basic psychology research methods in this quiz.
Cognitive Development Summary Chart
Piaget's Stages An Overview of Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive
What Do Industrial-Organizational Psychologists...
Industrial-organizational psychologists investigate workplace issues such as employee selection, organizational development, performance, and productivity.
How To Write an Abstract
In scientific writing, an abstract is a concise summary of a paper. This quick guide will teach you how write an abstract section in APA format.
Theories on Child Development
Research on child development has yielded many theories on children's mental, emotional, and social development. Learn more about some of the major child development theories proposed by psychologists.
What Can You Do With a Bachelor's Degree in...
Have you ever wondered exactly what kind of job you can have with a bachelor's degree in psychology? Learn more about some of the different types of entry-level careers that are available to psychology majors.
10 Proven Ways to Become a Better Leader
Becoming a better leader can help you in many different areas of life, from school to the workplace. Check out these ten tips that can help you improve your leadership skills.
10 Facts You Should Know About Dreams
Dreams can be fascinating, exciting, terrifying or just plain weird. Learn more about some of the things that researchers have discovered in these ten facts about dreams.
Learn the Basics of Psychology
Psychology is a popular subject but many people don't know how to define psychology. Learn about the early history of psychology, the official beginning of psychology, and more about psychology today.
What Are Freud's 3 Levels of Mind?
Do thoughts and desires outside of awareness influence our behavior? Learn about Freud's three levels of awareness: the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious mind.
What Do Clinical Psychologists Do?
Clinical psychologists assess, diagnose, and treat mental disorders. Learn more about what clinical psychologists do, where they work, and how much they earn.
The Four Stages of Sleep
Studies of human sleep have demonstrated that sleep progresses through a series of stages in which different brain wave patterns are displayed. Learn more about the stages of sleep.
What's a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of...
Reader Question: My University offers both a Bachelor of Arts (BA) and a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree in Psychology. What is the difference between these two degrees? Is one degree better than the other?
APA Format Examples, Tips, and Guidelines
APA format is the official style of the American Psychological Association and is generally used for writing in psychology, eduction, and other social sciences. Learn more about how to create APA format papers with these tips, guidelines, and examples.
Defense Mechanisms
Sigmund Freud believed that defense mechanisms help the ego cope with anxiety. Learn more about the ten defense mechanisms described by Anna Freud as well as eight other common defenses.
Ages 7 to 11: How a Child's Cognitive Thinking...
The concrete operational stage of cognitive development occurs between the ages of approximately seven to eleven. Learn more about the characteristics and milestones of this stage.
Here's Why The Milgram Obedience Experiment Is...
Milgram's obedience experiment has become one of the most famous studies in psychology's history. Learn more about this classic study on obedience.
Why Do Some People Become Great Leaders?
Why do certain people become great leaders? Leadership theories seek to answer this question and usually fit into one of eight basic types. Learn more...
What Does it Mean to Be Introverted?
Introversion is one of the major personality traits identified by many different personality theories. Learn more about about the characteristics of introversion.
Defense Mechanisms Quiz
Test your knowledge in this defense mechanisms quiz.
How to Become a Psychiatrist
Are you interested in becoming a psychiatrist? Learn more about the educational requirements and steps you will need to follow in order to pursue this career.
What are the Major Theories of Intelligence?
While there are numerous theories of intelligence, psychologists do not agree on a standard definition for the concept of 'intelligence.' Here are some of the major theories.
Writing a Psychology Paper? Over 50 Topic Ideas...
Are you struggling to find a great topic for your psychology paper? Check out our collection of ideas to spark your creativity and inspire a topic for your paper.
What Does a Criminal Psychologist Do?
Criminal psychologists are often portrayed on tv dramas, but what do these professional really do? Learn more about this exciting career path including where criminal psychologists typically work, how much education is required and how much you can earn by working in this field.
What are the 3 Major Theories of Emotion?
What exactly are emotions? What causes these feelings? Learn more about some of the major theories of emotion that have been proposed by researchers, philosophers and psychologists.
What Is Transformational Leadership?
Transformational leadership is a leadership style that leads to positive changes in those who follow. These leaders are described as passionate and enthusiastic.
Why Is Validity Important to Psychological Tests?
When determining the merits of a psychological test, validity is one of the most important factors to consider. What is validity? How do we measure it? Learn the answers to these questions and more.
How Much Does a Psychologist Make?
How much do psychologists earn? Learn more about the average salaries for a variety of different psychology jobs.
What are the Theories of Personality?
Learn more about some of the major theories of personality proposed by different psychologists. These theories of personality include biological theories, psychodynamic theories, and humanistic theories. Page 3.
What Is the Third Force in Psychology?
Humanistic psychology formed as a reaction to psychoanalysis and behaviorism and stressed the importance of personal choice and responsibility. Learn more about this important school of thought.
10 Fascinating Facts About Our Personalities
Personality makes us who we are, but what factors influence our personality? Can we change our personalities, or do our overall traits remain constant throughout life? Learn more about what researchers have learned in these ten fascinating facts about personality.
Know What Negative Reinforcement Is
Negative reinforcement is another technique used in operant conditioning used to increase the likelihood that behaviors will occur. Learn more about what negative reinforcement is, how it works and how it differs from punishment.
What is the Formal Operational Stage of...
The formal operational stage of cognitive development occurs from approximately age 12 to adulthood. Learn more about the characteristics of the formal operational stage.
Understanding Body Language
Facial expressions are important to body language. Learn more about some of the things you should look for when trying to read body language. Page 2.
10 Basic Facts About Psychology
Psychology is all around you and part of who you are. Delve deeper with these ten basic facts that everyone should know about psychology.
Learn About Freudian Theory
Freudian theory centers around the many ideas and works of famed psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Learn more about important concepts including the unconscious and psychosexual development.
What Is Autocratic Leadership?
Autocratic leadership, also known as authoritarian leadership, is a leadership style characterized by individual control over all decisions and little input from group members. Learn more about the characteristics, benefits and downsides of autocratic leadership.
What You Should Know About Attitudes
Attitudes have a powerful influence on behavior. Learn more about how attitudes form, how they change and how they influence the way we behavior.
Quiz - Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial...
Test your knowledge of Erikson's stages of psychosocial development with this quiz.
Schedules of Reinforcement
Schedules of reinforcement have a major impact on how fast a behavior is acquired and the strength of the response. Learn more about different schedules of reinforcement in operant conditioning.
A List of Psychology Careers
Thinking about a psychology career? Then be sure to check out this list of psychology and psychology-related careers.
Explore the Stages of Prenatal Development
The stages of prenatal development represent an enormous amount of change from conception to birth. Find more information about the stages of prenatal development.
How Can I Become a Therapist?
Have you ever dreamed of becoming a therapist? Learn more about the steps you should take in order to achieve your goal.
Identity vs. Confusion: Fifth Stage of...
Identity versus confusion is the fifth stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Learn more about the events that occur during the identity versus confusion stage of development.
What Does a Child Psychologist Do?
If you enjoy working with children, you may have consider a career as a child psychologist. Learn more about the educational requirements, salaries and job duties in this overview of a career as a child psychologist.
What Is Personality and Why Does It Matter?
Personality arises from within and makes us who we are. Learn more about how psychologists define personality, how they study it, and why it is so important.
Write a Title Page in APA Format with These Tips
Almost all types of psychology writing require a title page. How should a title page look? What elements are necessary? Learn how to prepare a title page in APA format.
What Is Intrinsic Motivation?
Why do you do the things you do? If you are doing them for some internal reason, then psychologists would describe you as intrinsically motivated.
What Is a Social Worker?
Becoming a social worker is a great way to work in a psychology-related field that offers both challenges and rewards. Learn more about what it takes to become a social worker.
10 Common Phobias
Phobias are one of the most common disorders, affecting approximately 10-percent of adults. Not surprisingly, spiders, snakes, and heights are some of the most common fear objects. Learn more about 10 of the most common phobias.
What Do the INFJ Traits Mean?
The INFJ personality type is one of the rarest, with just one to three percent of people displaying this type. Learn more about the characteristics of the INFJ personality type.
Feeling Lonely? What You Should Know
Loneliness is a universal human emotion, yet it is both complex and unique to each individual. Loneliness has no single common cause, so the preventions and treatments for this damaging state of mind vary dramatically.
Journal and Periodicals in APA Format
Journal articles should be listed in your APA format reference list in alphabetical order. Learn how to create references for articles appearing in journals or periodicals in proper APA format. Page 4.
Industry Versus Inferiority
Industry versus inferiority is the fourth stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Learn more about the events that occurs during the industry versus inferiority stage of development.
Generativity Versus Stagnation
Generativity versus stagnation is the seventh stage of Erikson's psychosocial theory. Learn more about the events that occur during the generativity versus stagnation stage of development.
How to Become a More Effective Learner
Discover tips from psychology for effective learning. Improve your learning efficiency, study skills, and memorization abilities.
Forensic Psychology Quiz - Should You Become a...
Are you interested in becoming a forensic psychologist? Take this 10 question quiz to learn whether a career in forensic psychology is right for you.
The Science of How We Think
Cognitive psychology is the study of how we think, remember, decide, and perceive. Learn more about how we acquire, process, and store information.
What You Should Know About Schemas
In psychology, a schema is a cognitive framework that helps organize and interpret information in the world around us.
How to Become a Psychologist: Earn Your...
Have you ever wanted to become a psychologist? This can be an exciting career choice with a wide variety of specialty areas and opportunities, but many students have questions about exactly what they need to do to become a psychologist. The following steps detail the process you will need to follow in order to become a psychologist.
Client-Centered Therapy
Client-centered therapy is a non-directive technique developed by humanist psychologist Carl Rogers that emphasizes the importance of unconditional positive regard.
How Does Democratic Leadership Work?
Democratic leadership, also known as participative leadership, is a type of leadership style in which members of the group take a more participative role in the decision-making process. Learn more about the characteristics, benefits and downsides of democratic leadership.
The Importance of Reliability in Psychological...
Reliability is a vital component of a trustworthy psychological test. What is reliability? How do we measure it? Learn more about reliability in psychology tests.
Can We Really Train Our Brains to Be Smarter?
Can playing brain games really make you smarter? Two recent studies explore this question and offer some interesting results that might challenge what you believe about brain training.
Personality Psychology Quiz
Personality Psychology Quiz Test Your Knowledge of Personality Psychology Sorry, but this quiz requires
Learning and Conditioning Quiz
Learning and Conditioning Quiz Test Your Knowledge of Learning and Conditioning Sorry, but this quiz
Have a Master's Degree in Psychology? Here are...
The job opportunities available to you after earning your master's degree in psychology can depend on a number of factors. Learn more about some of the jobs you can pursue with a master's degree in psychology.
Intimacy Versus Isolation
Intimacy versus isolation is the sixth stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Learn more about the events that occur during the intimacy versus isolation stage of development.
5 Ways Psychologists Explain Love
Why do we fall in of love? Psychologists have proposed a number of theories to explain and describe love. Learn about some of the major theories of love.
The Stanford Prison Experiment
The Stanford Prison Experiment is one of the most famous experiments in psychology's history. Learn more about the experiment and the results.
How Much Money Can a Psychologist Make?
Yearly earnings and salaries for psychologists vary depending upon such factors as educational level and area of expertise. Learn more about typical psychologist salaries based on data collected by the U.S. Department of Labor.
Implicit and Explicit Memory
Implicit and explicit memory are two different types of memory that represent different ways to remembering information. Learn more about the differences between these types of memory.
An Overview of Early Childhood Development
Early childhood is not only a period of amazing physical growth, it is also a time of remarkable mental development. Learn more about cognitive development in early childhood. Page 3.
How Do Correlational Studies Work?
Correlational studies are one of the two major types of psychology research. Discover how correlational studies work and how they are used in psychology research.
A Deeper Look Into Human Memory
Our memory helps make us who we are, but how exactly does human memory work? Learn more about how the brain processes, encodes, stores, and uses memory.
How Long Does It Take to Earn a Ph.D. in...
So how long does it take to get a Ph.D. in Psychology? First, it is important to realize that the degree requirements can vary depending upon the field that you decide to pursue. A Ph.D., or Doctor of Philosophy, degree is not necessarily your only option. In some cases, you might want to also consider the Psy.D., or Doctor of Psychology, degree option.
Sociocultural Theory: What You Should Know
Sociocultural theory is a theory of development that stress the important of socialization on cognitive development. Learn more about sociocultural theory.
What Are Jung's 4 Major Archetypes?
Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung believed that archetypes are models of people, behaviors or personalities.
What Are the Fields of Psychology?
Psychology is a huge topic and conveying the depth and breadth of the subject can be difficult. As a result, a number of different fields of psychology have emerged to deal with specific subtopics within the study of the mind, brain and behavior. Learn more about some of the different fields of psychology.
Authoritative Parenting Style: How Does It Work?
Authoritative parenting is characterized by parents who hold high expectations and set clear guidelines, but are responsive and nurturing to their children. Learn more about authoritative parenting, the characteristics of parents and the effect on children.
Initiative Versus Guilt
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What You Should Know About Narcissistic...
Narcissistic personality disorder is a pervasive pattern of behavior characterized by and exaggerated sense of self-importance. Learn more about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of narcissistic personality disorder.
What is the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality...
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is the most widely used and researched clinical assessment instrument used by mental health professionals. Learn more about its history and use.
What Can You Do With a Graduate Degree in...
A graduate degree in psychology prepares students for a wide range of careers including jobs in mental health, education, government, business, and more.
Integrity Versus Despair
Integrity versus despair is the eighth and final stage of Erikson's psychosocial theory. Learn more about the events that occur during the integrity versus despair stage of development.
Attribution
In social psychology, attribution involves making inferences about the behaviors of others as well as events around us. Learn more about the types of attributions as well as some of the biases that influence attribution.
What Is a Hypothesis?
A hypothesis is a tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables. Learn more about the elements of a good hypothesis.
Fluid Intelligence vs. Crystallized Intelligence
Psychologist Raymond Cattell suggested that there are two different types of intelligence: fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence. Learn more about the differences between fluid and crystallized intelligence.

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